Which foods contain histamine

1. What foods contain histamine?

Foods that ripen or are stored for longer periods of time show high levels of histamine. In addition, a range of foods act as so-called histamine liberators, as they also release histamine inside the intestines. Some examples of these are:

  • Alcohol, particularly red & sparkling wine
  • Cheese, fondues
  • Seafood, fish & fish sauces
  • Raw sausage (e.g. salami and smoked ham)
  • Sauerkraut
  • Various types of vegetables (e.g. tomatoes, spinach & aubergines)
  • Various types of fruit (e.g. strawberries, pineapples & bananas)
  • Chocolate

2. Histamine liberators

Additionally there are a number of foods that are working as so called histamine liberators, because they liberate additional histamine in the small intestine.

Examples for these food groups are:

  • Alcohol, esp. red wine and champagne
  • Cheese
  • Sea food, fish and fish sauces
  • Raw meat sausages (e.g. Salami)
  • Sauerkraut
  • Vegetables (e.g. tomatoes, spinach and egg plant)
  • Fruits (e.g. strawberries)
  • Chocolate

Histamine content in mg per 100 g (resp. per litre)

Cheese  
Camembert 6,11
Sheep milk cheese 0,4-6,1
Gouda 6,22
Parmesan 1,3-58
Brie 3,5
Harz cheese 39
Cottage cheese 0,1-2,8
Edam cheese 3,5
Gorgonzola 0,2-18
Mozzarella 0
Cream cheese 0,3
Tilsit cheese 0,1-6
Cheddar 4,34
Gamperdona 14,16
Hard cheese 22,76
Rapesan 17,5
Feta cheese 4,01
Brie cake 2,16
Fish  
Tuna fish 9,82
Herring 35-300
Seafood (crabs, mussels,…) 0,2-700
Sardine 0
Trout 33,3
Mackerel 16,02
Sardelle 24,22
Marinades of fish 240
Anchovy 4,4-125
Codfish 0,2-7,7
Meat, gammon  
Mincemeat 0,8
Beef 0,1-0,9
Liver of beef 6,5
Pork liver 22,5
Chicken 12
Turkey 0,3
Bratwurst 0,6
Cervelat sausage 5,5-9,6
Liver sausage 0,4
Salami 19,03
Tea sausage spread 1,4-4,5
Meat salad 0,9-31
Landjäger sausage 2,88
Prosciutton Contadino 116,12
Bacon 4,21
Vegetables, fruits  
Sourcrout 7,67
Tomato 0,73
Eggplant 16,54
Spinach 2,0-38,0
Chickpeas 2,6
Banana 0
Avocado 0,64
Strawberry 0,21
Cereals, pasta  
Rice 2,8
Soya 2,4
Wheat 3,5
Yeast and yeast extract 20-1660
Beverages  
Orange juice 10,1
Riesling 2,09
Frauenkäferl 2010 2,66
Sauvignon blanc 2008 5,09
Chardonnay 3,42
Champagner Brut Classic 3,41
Asti 3,21
Blanc de blanc 4,45
Blauer Zweigelt 2011 6,87
Blaufränkischer 2011 12,26
Legends 2010 7,55
Cuvee 2004 8,42
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah 2007 11,04
Shiraz Cabernet 12,43
Syrah 2010 5,25
Dunkles 5,35
Gold 9,31
Hefetrübes Weizenbier 21,64
Nullkommajosef 4,36
Multivitamin juice Happy Day 2,15
Laphroaig Triplewood, Single islay malt 0,19
Whisky 12 y 0,07
Uigeadail 0,18
Amaretto 1,89
Others  
Buttermilk 8,74
Soy sauce 0,08
Hesperides vinegar 0,02
Luflee Caramel (chocolate) 0,51